Do you know the density of stainless steel? If not then don’t worry, read this article carefully, and you will come to know the stainless steel density is all possible units. Like other types of steel, stainless steel is also made primarily from iron and carbon in a two-step process. Now the question is, what makes stainless steel different from other steel? The addition of chromium and other alloying elements such as Nickel to create a corrosion-resistant product make it different from other types of steel. Stainless steel is mainly used for cookware, kitchen utensils, and cutlery. Further to any delay, let’s begin and know the density of stainless steel.
What Is The Density Of Stainless Steel?
The density of stainless steel is approximately 7,500 kg/m3 to 8,000 kg/m3, depending on the alloy. Because stainless steel is not a pure metal but a metal alloy. Stainless steel is not naturally available but it is man-made. Even though it is man-made it has all its properties and also it is possible to measure its density in several units.
The density of stainless steel g/cm3 is about 8.03 g/cm3, the density of stainless steel lb/in3 is 0.285 lb/in3, and the density of stainless steel kg/m3 is approximately 7,500 kg/m3 to 8,000 kg/m3.
There are so many types of stainless steel such as 304, 316, etc, depending upon the alloys used. So, the density of stainless steel 304 is 7.93 g/cm3 while the density of stainless steel 316 is 8.0 g/cm3. Similarly, the density of stainless steel 316L is also the same as 316 which is 8.0 g/cm3.
So, you have an understanding of the density of stainless steel in g/cm3 as well as in other units too. Let’s have a look at the definition of stainless steel density.
Definition Of Density Of Stainless Steel
The density of stainless steel is defined as the ratio of mass and volume. The stainless steel density determines whether it will float or sink. Do you know why a tiny pebble will drop to the bottom of a glass of water while a giant wood will float on the surface of the water? It is because of density. Wood has less density than water and tiny pebbles have a larger density than water. Like pebbles, stainless steel is denser than water therefore it drops to the bottom of the water. The formula for density of stainless steel is,
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The density of stainless steel = mass of stainless steel/volume of stainless steel g/cm3
d = m v g/cm3
Where, d is the density of stainless steel
m is the mass of stainless steel, and
v is the volume of stainless steel
How To Calculate Density Of Stainless Steel?
Calculation of stainless steel density is very easy because it is in solid form so you can easily measure its dimensions. Let’s calculate the stainless steel density,
- Take a piece of stainless steel, you can take small or big as per your choice. Because density remains the same means density is not dependent on the size of the material.
- Determine the weight and volume of the piece. Weight can be determined by measuring it on a scale.
- To determine the volume, you can use the formula of volume as per the shape of your piece.
- If the selected piece is irregular then use the water displacement method.
- Now, divide the mass by the volume, and you will get the stainless steel density.
For example, a cylindrical rod of stainless steel with 12 cm3 of volume and 100 grams of weight. What will be its density?
By using the above-given formula,
The density of stainless steel = 100/12 = 8.33 g/cm3
So, the stainless steel density of 8.33 g/cm3.
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What Is The Difference Between 316 And 316L Stainless Steel?
The key difference between 316 and 316L stainless steel is the carbon content. While 316 has a maximum carbon content of 0.08%, 316L has a maximum carbon content of only 0.03%.
Which Is Better 304 Or 316 Stainless Steel?
Though the stainless steel 304 alloy has a higher melting point, grade 316 has a better resistance to chemicals and chlorides (like salt) than grade 304 stainless steel. When it comes to applications with chlorinated solutions or exposure to salt, grade 316 stainless steel is considered superior.
Why Is It Called 316 Stainless Steel?
316 grade stainless steel is an austenitic form of stainless steel known for its 2-3% molybdenum content. The added molybdenum makes the metal more resistant to pitting and corrosion, as well as improving resistance when exposed to elevated temperatures.
Can Stainless Steel Rust?
Even with these impressive features, stainless steel can and does rust after all, it’s ‘stainless’ not ‘stainfree’. Some types of stainless steel are more prone to corrosion than others, depending on the chromium content. The higher the chromium content, the less likely the metal will rust.
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What Does 1 Cubic Inch Of Stainless Steel Weigh?
0.289 pounds per cubic inch
Calculating the Weight of Stainless Steel Plate (300 Series)
The density of stainless steel 300 series is 0.289 pounds per cubic inch (501 pounds/cubic inch) (imperial) or 7.85 grams per centimeter cubed (metric).
Will Stainless Steel Rust?
Stainless steel is a steel alloy that contains a minimum chromium content of 10.5%. The chromium reacts with the oxygen in the air and forms a protective layer that makes stainless steel highly resistant to corrosion and rust.
Is Stainless Steel Good Quality?
Stainless Steel: Stainless steel is a durable and affordable metal that is used for a wide variety of purposes. It’s strong, making it perfect for construction purposes, and it’s corrosion resistant, so it can last a long time without being replaced or breaking.
After reading this article you come to know that the density of stainless steel g cm3 is about 8.03 g/cm3. By comparison to many other metals, stainless steel is an extremely dense material. The stainless steel density changes when the proportion of the adding metals changes. Therefore, density matters in stainless steel and it is considered while manufacturing the stainless steel to maintain good quality. When creating a new grade of steel or welding one type of steel to another, density affects the strength, hardness, and malleability of the stainless steel. So, this was all about the density of stainless steel.
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