What Is CQB?

Are you curious to know what is CQB? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about CQB in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is CQB?

Close Quarters Battle, commonly known as CQB, is a specialized form of combat tactics and training designed for engagements that occur in confined spaces, such as buildings, rooms, corridors, or vehicles. It is an essential skillset for military and law enforcement personnel, as well as for individuals involved in personal defense and security. In this blog, we will explore the intricacies of CQB, its techniques, equipment, and the critical role it plays in tactical operations.

What Is CQB?

Close Quarters Battle is all about navigating and engaging hostile threats in environments where distance is limited. These engagements require a distinct set of skills and strategies due to the unique challenges posed by confined spaces. Some key elements that define CQB include:

  1. Speed and Precision: CQB operations demand rapid decision-making and precise execution of movements and shots. Split-second reactions can be the difference between success and failure.
  2. Team Coordination: In many scenarios, CQB is carried out by a team of operators who must work together seamlessly. Effective communication, coordination, and the ability to cover each other’s blind spots are crucial.
  3. Tactical Awareness: Operators must maintain a heightened awareness of their surroundings, anticipate threats, and make quick judgments on when to engage or bypass potential threats.
  4. Weapon Handling: Proficiency with firearms and other weapons in close-quarters situations is paramount. Operators must be able to fire accurately without endangering themselves or their teammates.
  5. Use of Cover: Proper use of available cover and concealment is essential for survival. Operators must learn to use doorways, corners, and obstacles strategically.

CQB Techniques And Principles:

  1. Slice the Pie: When clearing a room or moving around corners, operators use the “slice the pie” technique. They incrementally expose themselves to potential threats, minimizing their vulnerability.
  2. Dynamic Entry: In high-threat situations, a dynamic entry involves a rapid, forceful breach of a room or building. This is often employed when surprise is essential.
  3. Room Clearing: Teams employ specific formations and communication protocols when entering and clearing rooms to minimize the risk of friendly fire and maximize threat engagement.
  4. Non-Lethal Options: In some situations, operators may use non-lethal weapons like stun grenades or rubber bullets to incapacitate threats without causing permanent harm.

Equipment For CQB:

CQB operations require specialized equipment to enhance the safety and effectiveness of the operators. Some common gear includes:

  1. Firearms: Short-barreled rifles, submachine guns, and handguns are common choices for CQB due to their maneuverability and close-quarters effectiveness.
  2. Body Armor: Operators wear ballistic vests and helmets to protect against potential threats.
  3. Breaching Tools: Specialized tools like battering rams, shotguns with breaching rounds, or explosive charges are used to gain entry.
  4. Night Vision Devices: Low-light or no-light scenarios are common in CQB. Night vision equipment provides operators with an advantage in these situations.


Close Quarters Battle is a specialized and demanding field of tactical combat that plays a crucial role in modern military and law enforcement operations. The skills, techniques, and equipment required for CQB are continuously evolving to meet the challenges posed by dynamic and often unpredictable environments. Whether it’s securing a building or responding to a high-stakes hostage situation, CQB operators rely on their training and teamwork to achieve their mission objectives while minimizing risk.

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What Are The 5 Fundamentals Of CQB?

The five pillars of successful close quarters combat are identified as: (1) gaining access; (2) making entry; (3) securing the space; (4) moving to adjoining spaces; and (5) command/control of the team and the subsequent actions. Training in these five pillars is conducted in three layers.

What Is The Difference Between CQB And Cqc?

Sometimes they are used to distinguish hand-to-hand from building clearance and similar: CQC = H2H with/without weapons; CQB = short-range fighting: building / room clearance and anything involved.

What Are The Three Elements Of CQB?

There are three fundamental principles to close quarters combat: surprise, speed, and controlled violent action. For an operation to be successful, all team members must understand these principles and how their role fits into the overarching combat strategy before executing any combat tactics.

What Is Cqc In The Military?

Close quarters combat (CQC) is a tactical concept that involves physical confrontation between several combatants. It can take place between military units, police/corrections and criminals, and other similar scenarios.

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